Nevertheless, the protocol contains something that goes far beyond a small paragraph of a common relationship with good intentions. The protocol of the withdrawal agreement contains a legally binding commitment from the UK government to establish a customs union with the EU – the essential way to avoid customs controls at the Irish border. “I think that decentralisation is necessary for peace in Northern Ireland, and while I would like it to allow good economic and social policy, I never believed, if I thought back to 1998, that the landscape was destined for growth. However, Mr. Bew acknowledges that there have been attempts to develop the process. He refers to the fresh starting agreement and believes that there have been attempts for “a more modern and realistic way of doing business”. Fortunately, there`s a way out. The 1998 Good Friday Multilateral Agreement is complemented by an international agreement between the Government of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland, the 1998 Anglo-Irish Agreement, in which the two governments, in Article 2, have their “solemn commitment to support… Provisions of the multi-party agreement” (i.e.
the Good Friday Agreement). The backstop contained in the withdrawal agreement indicates that Northern Ireland will remain in the EU customs union until a comprehensive trade agreement between the EU and the UK is concluded. He is also curious to complain about the “disappearance of paragraph 50 of the text of the December agreement.” The paragraph stated that “the United Kingdom will ensure that there are no new regulatory barriers between Northern Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom.” The indication in the wording is that it is a commitment from the United Kingdom. This is London`s commitment to the union. An international treaty between Britain and the EU is not the place. This commitment relates “in particular” to the model of North-South cooperation, which has been so heavily modified by the backstop. That is why the UK Government should say that it has a legitimate confidence in the maintenance of these rules under international law; “pacta sunt servanda” – agreements must be respected. “What I expected was peace and stability, because that`s what it was about, it wasn`t good governance.” “I never thought decentralization meant better governance. When I look at Wales and Scotland, where their education standards are falling, I see no reason to think that decentralisation is doing better for society. I did not expect better governance as a result of decentralisation, especially in Northern Ireland.
What I was waiting for was peace and stability, because that is what it was all about, it was not about good governance. But former adviser to former UUP leader David Trimble has offered Westminster a way forward that he says could change the terms of the withdrawal deal debate by temporarily returning the backstop. Lord Bew is a professor of history at Queen`s University, a peer, a former chairman of the Standards Committee and a former adviser to then-Unionist leader David Trimble, the surprising effect of the fact that a Good Friday agreement – created in 1998 to guarantee approval from the bottom up – would now be replaced by a top-down agreement. But it is true that there is already a problem in Northern Ireland. Right now, we cannot be told democratic control: up, upside down or in any way. Only 11 of Northern Ireland`s 18 constituencies have one MP sitting in the House of Commons – and only one of them shares Northern Ireland`s majority opinion on Brexit. None of the 90 MlAs paid for the session of Northern Ireland`s deceded legislative authority sits. Mr. Bew referred to the limitations of the CMA on issues that had proved to be stumbling blocks in northern Ireland`s progress, such as the management of the past, and agreed that more attention could have been paid.